You probably don’t pay too much attention to your HVAC system. You and your family or roommates may be waging passive-aggressive warfare over the thermostat’s settings, but aside from that, it’s a (mostly) quiet component of your home working to keep it comfortable. You probably only really think about it when it comes time for maintenance or if you’ve noticed something strange, like higher energy bills or the fact that one room feels colder than the others.
There are actually a few different types of HVAC systems. On average, HVAC systems last about 10-20 years, depending on the type you have, what your climate is like, whether you’re maintaining it, and other factors. You may be considering a new HVAC system because your current one is close to the end of its lifespan, or you simply want to know if another type would be more efficient.
It’s best to consult with your local HVAC professionals to determine the ideal type of HVAC system for you, your home, and your budget. That said, here is what you need to know about some of the most common types of HVAC systems.
#1. Split Systems
This is the most common type of HVAC system. It has components both inside and outside your building. The outdoor component or condenser is typically your air conditioner or heat pump. The indoor component is typically an evaporator coil or fan, along with a furnace to help circulate hair. The AC is usually outside the home while the furnace is usually in the basement.
Split HVAC systems are popular and efficient. However, the fact that they use ducts may be a disadvantage to you. Ducts may disperse dust and allergens around the home. Having your ducts cleaned as needed can help with this.
#2. Hybrid Split System
This is the advanced version of the first type of HVAC system. It has better energy efficiency.
Hybrid split systems are like split systems, but they have an electric hybrid heater system, so you can choose between gas power or electric power. It is also controlled by thermostats within the home and needs ductwork.
These are more energy efficient than split systems, but need to use ducts, which may or may not be an issue for you.
#3. Duct-Free/Ductless Systems
Also known as mini-split systems, duct-free/ductless HVAC systems are great where ducts cannot be used or when you do not want to have to worry about ducts at all. They save about 20% of energy compared to duct systems. They have an indoor wall-mounted unit next to an outside compressor.
They have lower energy costs, but also lower heat effectiveness and the potential for expensive maintenance.
#4. Packaged Systems
Packaged systems are a type of HVAC system that is ideal for those who do not have enough space for a split system. This is because it’s an all-in-one system, with your heat pump, AC, fan coil, evaporator, and thermostat all within one unit.
They are easier to install than their split system counterparts. They can be installed on your roof of on the side of your building. Because of this, they do not create much noise, but they are also outside and constantly exposed to the elements. They are less efficient, and thus, potentially cost more in regard to energy efficiency in the long run.
#5. Geothermal Heat Pump
Geothermal heat pumps are the most environmentally friendly type of HVAC system thus far. This is because they work by circulating water in pipes below ground, using the earth’s temperature to facilitate heating in the cold and cooling in the heat.
They are also the most energy-efficient type, as they transfer heat from the ground rather than air. They require the least amount of power like fuel or electricity.
Geothermal heat pumps are highly efficient with a low operating cost. However, they have costly repairs. You may need ducts. Before you can install them, you will need to review your local zoning ordinances, as well as state and federal laws.
Do You Need Help With Your HVAC System?
R & D Heating And Air services all brands of heating and air equipment, as well as most major brands of appliances. We take pride not only in providing you with top-notch services, but also the information that you need to help your HVAC system last for as long as possible. Contact us today for more information about our services and let us help you keep your home at a comfortable temperature all year long.